How to Write a Lab Report

Writing a lab report is often intimidating to students due to its compact structure. Any students in the STEM sector will write several lab reports throughout their college duration to prove their understanding of the scientific process. Writing a lab report doesn't have to be complicated. This article will guide you through the process of writing an excellent lab report.

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What Is A Lab Report

A lab report is a paper to demonstrate an experiment's aims, methodology, and results. Lab reports are common in scientific fields.

What Is the Difference Between A Lab Report and A Scientific Study?

A lab report is different from a research paper. A lab report requires you to showcase your knowledge of scientific concepts using laboratory equipment. On the other hand, a research paper requires you to develop a thesis and back it up by researching the topic.

Lab Report Format

You are required to use an elaborate format to structure your lab report. Draft a provisional outline of your report on a paper before you write. Follow the steps you have provided in your outline, and your work will be easy and organized.

I have provided a good format you can use in your lab report.

Title Page

The title page includes the title and personal information of the author of the lab report. You should state the paper's title at the top of the title page and the personal information at the bottom.

The title explains what you did in your lab report in one sentence. Write a precise and clear title; your reader will understand what your lab report is. A good example of a good report is "Effect of substrate composition on polyp extension rate in Stichodactyla Haddoni." You are advised to start your title with a keyword.


A good abstract gives a summary of your research. An abstract is a struck-down version of your research. If you abstract, briefly state the aims, the methodology used, results, discussions, and conclusions of your report. All this information should be written in about 250-300 words.

NOTE: An abstract is usually written without any indentation. Although it comes first in the essay, it is usually the last to be prepared.

How to Write a Lab Report

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Your introduction should help familiarize the reader with the topic of the lab report. State all considerable research on your topic and show any existing knowledge gaps. Under the introduction, define critical terms and sources related to your lab report. Prove why a lab report is important in your course study and what you intend to achieve. Make sure to provide enough background information on your topic of research. A good introduction for a lab report should be contained in two paragraphs.


In this sector, provide a list of materials you used in your lab research process. List the specimen and how you used each to carry out your report.


This section provides the procedure you used to conduct your lab research. Organize this section accordingly to assist your reader in properly navigating your lab report. Remember that this is the important section of your lab report. The reader wants to see how you went about the whole research. Include all information about tools, participants, specimens, lab apparatus, and the place of the lab report.

Your methodology should also provide for the environmental settings of the research process. State the nature and location of the laboratory the experiment was carried out.

If your lab report is good, someone will likely use it as a benchmark for future lab research. Use scientific jargon in your methodology section. Divide your methodology into sub-sections and arrange all activities carried out chronologically.


Under this section, discuss the results and findings of your lab research. Your results should relate to the title of your lab report. Your findings should either ascertain or disprove your title. Include all the data you gathered from your lab research. You can include the following to make your results section interesting.

  • Name anything that you discovered from your lab test data. Provide any findings you think your reader does not know—state how your findings will add to the knowledge that already exists in your topic of study.
  • Organize your data into an easily readable format. Formulate tables and other visual data containers such as lists, graphs, images, and videos, if any. Proper data visualization is vital to making your lab report coherent and effective.
  • Do not go into details in this section. Elaborately list your findings.
  • Properly label and cite all information that you have gathered. Images and diagrams should be labelled. Proper labels on your statistics will enable you to refer to your figures correctly.


This section contains a discussion on the findings that you provided in the results sector. Report any descriptive statistics, test results, impact, and implications of the test results you gathered from your lab report. Provide for any relations of figures and tests. You should also state whether your results satisfied the expected outcome in the title. Briefly discuss any challenges you encountered during the lab research and highlight how anyone emulating your research might hack through the whole process.


In this section, you should show that you have comprehended your lab report results. You can discuss and interpret your findings. Here are some things you should include in your discussion.

  • Find out the implication of the results you gathered on your study topics. You can show what the results mean for you and the reader.
  • Ascertain whether the experiment met all your expectations. Did the findings disappoint you, or did they help prove your hypothesis?
  • Provide for any shortcomings that were present during your research. Did you lack material for your research? Was the equipment up to standard? Did your lab provide an optimum environment for the duration of your lab report process?
  • State any gaps that your report failed to fill. Was your report consistent with previous research? State whether your data aligns or deviates from other significant studies.
  • State any errors that occurred during your study. How did these errors affect your findings and your report?
  • You can provide for any related studies you intend to carry out to improve your findings.

A References Page

You should include all sources you used to write your paper. You should list all sources from which you acquired ideas. Properly cite your content to avoid committing plagiarism.

Hint: Always note down sources immediately you refer to them.

Tips to Make Your Lab Report Outstanding

Lab reports are a little different from other research papers. Here are some great tips on how to make your research paper perfect.

  1. Follow Instructions

Make sure you follow the instructions provided in the rubric. Lab reports are scientific, and failure to follow instructions can cause a great deviation in expected results.

  1. Plan Adequately

Great planning is essential to writing a good lab report. Make sure you have everything you need during your research. Gather every resource that you will use, including materials and fact books. Create an outline and prepare blank sheets to save time during the research.

  1. Cite Any External Sources

You should cite any source that you included in your lab report. Your citations should follow a consistent format. Use online tools such as Scribbr to organize and format your references correctly. In your lab report, you should use one of the recognized formats, APA and MLA.

  1. Make Your Hypothesis Strong

Your hypothesis communicates your general expectations from the experiment you are carrying out. A strong hypothesis shows that you have confidence in your decision-making.

  1. Use An Appropriate Tone

Lab reports are written in passive voice. Most scientific reports are written in passive voice because they are meant to be objective. Refrain from using a commanding tone in your report.

  1. Write in Third Person

Your personality is irrelevant in a laboratory report. Yous should therefore write everything in the third person.

  1. Advocate For Further

Your lab report will not exhaust every hypothesis that you have. You can suggest areas where you think further research will be important. Mention all the gaps you noticed and encouraged any future lab researchers to explore them.

Ensure that you mention anyone who participated in the setup and lab report. Assign credit accordingly.


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